History of Russian & Italian Mafia Involvement in Black Market Steroids (and the Origin of Linda Lovelace)

IN THE BEGINNING:" ... In 1972 members of the Colombo family invested a few thousand dollars into the movie 'Deep Throat.' The film eventually raked in over $600 million dollars, becoming the most profitable pornographic film of all time. This industry became the intersection of bodybuilders, steroids, pornography, and the American Mafia. ... "

1 CRIMINALITY IN THE INTERNATIONAL DOPING TRADE
Copenhagen 8th November 2005
Alessandro Donati
COMMENTO AI TITOLI DI TESTA

Having worked with several Prosecutors on the more important investigations concerning doping carried out in Italy...

2 NATIONAL ANTI-MAFIA DIRECTORATE
Pierluigi Vigna National Prosecutor of the Antimafia Directorate
Don Luigi Ciotti
Presidentof Libera

ASSOCIATIONS, NAMES AND NUMBERS AGAINST MAFIAS

...as of October 2003, I was asked to cooperate with the National Anti-mafia Directorate as representative of the Association Libera where I am in charge of all sports related matters. Libera was born in 1995, with the intent of coordinating and stimulating the commitment of civil society against all sorts of mafias. So far, about 1000 national and local Associations are adhering to Libera.

Don Luigi Ciotti is a catholic priest, but it’s not the main characteristic, he is a remarkable person involved, during 30 years, against Mafia and other criminal organizations. Mafia tried to kill him and for this reason he is under protection by police 24 hours a day. Pier Luigi Vignawas -until few days ago, now he is in pension - the Head of the Antimafia National Directorate. He was Giovanni Falcone’sfriend. Falcone was killed by Mafia. The new National Anti-mafia Prosecutor is PieroGrasso. He worked during many years like General Prosecutor in Palermo (Sicily).
3
THE NATIONAL ANTI-MAFIA DIRECTORATE CONCLUDED THAT:

a) the involvement of criminal organizations in the larger illicit traffics discovered in several Italian regions has been established;

b) the involvement of the Neapolitan Camorra is frequent;

c) a very significant amount of ephedrine (300 kg), that would havebeen used in gymnasiums, discos and weight-control centres, was seized in the Locride area in Calabria, i.e. the territory controlled by the ‘Ndrangheta;

d) investigations consistently indicate that the doping substances come from several European and non-European countries and that, in some cases, they are brought to Italy in transit and then forwarded to other countries. ...

TASTO JENKINS 1993

In 1993, he formed a partnership with Dan Duchaine and they formulated and marketed a pure whey protein supplement - Designer Protein. Dan had coached major Olympic athletes in passing drug testing with blocking agents. As late as 1997 Dan was on probation for steroid related offences and he was an unsurpassable expert about anabolic steroids and growth hormone sold by the Russian Organised Crime. He's dead at the young age of 48 for Kidney failure. ...

Continued:
http://www.playthegame.org/upload/sandro_donati_-_criminality_in_the_international_doping_trade.pdf